Herbal garden

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English name: Holy Basil
Hindi name: Tulasi
Sanskrit name: Tulasi
Latin name:Ocimum sactum Linn Pennel

An annual delicate herb cultivated extensively in tropical climate of the country. It is also planted in kitchen garden and as an indoor plant since it is kept sacred in Hindu philosophy. Medicinally the leaves are used for various kinds of classical and home made preparations.


Indian mythology attaches a great significance to Basil by recognizing it as a holy herb. Perhaps, such significance comes from the actual health applications of the herb. Its use is recommended as a first aid in the treatment of respiratory, digestive and skin diseases. Apart from these common ailments, Ayurveda also recognizes its use for the diseases ranging up to tumerous growths. Experimental studies identify it to be a highly promising immunomodulator, cytoprotective and anticancer agent.

Chemical composition

Aerial portion of the plant yields an essential oil possessing eugenol as the major constituent. Other compounds identified were nerol, eugenol, terpinene pinene and carvacrol. The leaves have also been reported to contain ursolic acid, apigenin, luteolin and orientin.


Effect on dosha

Pacifies kapha and vata and pitta elevator.

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